Contributing writer for Wake Up World
What is Patchouli Oil?
Patchouli oil is derived from a large evergreen perennial that is a member of the Labiatae family, and a close relative of mint, lavender and sage. The name “patchouli” (Pogostemon cablin or Pogostemon patchouli) is said to be derived from the ancient Tamil words “patchai” and “ellai,” meaning “green leaf.”1 Others say it comes from the Hindustan word “patchoi.”2
Patchouli originates from Southeast Asia.3 Today, it’s cultivated in China, Malaysia, India, Indonesia and the Philippines.4 Patchouli oil is extracted from the lightly fragrant leaves and the white, violet-marked flowers of the plant. It’s a thick, light yellow or brown liquid, with a strong, musky-earthy and slightly sweet aroma, reminiscent of wet soil.5 For some, the potent fragrance of this oil is an acquired taste.
What sets patchouli oil apart from other herbal oils is that it gets better with age. Its light yellow color turns into a deep amber, and the scent becomes smoother and richer.6
Uses of Patchouli Oil
Patchouli has been used for thousands of years. It was very valuable — early European traders actually exchanged 1 pound of patchouli for a pound of gold.7
Romans used it as an appetite stimulant while, in Egypt, it was said that Pharaoh Tutankhamun — also known as King Tut — arranged to have 10 gallons of patchouli oil buried with him in his tomb. Patchouli oil has long been used in traditional Asian medicine, especially in Malaysia, China and Japan. It is used to treat skin and hair problems, such as dermatitis, eczema, acne, dry chapped skin, dandruff, and oily scalp.
It also has wound healing and scar reducing properties,8 as well as aphrodisiac effects. The link to sexual desire likely originated from India, where it is used in Tantric sexual practices.9
Patchouli oil is also popularly used as a fabric fragrance, a practice that dates back to 19th century India. Manufacturers used it as a moth repellent for fabrics that are exported to other countries. The scent was so widely used that it became an indicator of authentic Oriental fabric. English and French garment makers even became obliged to add patchouli oil to their imitation products to make them acceptable in the market.10
Today, patchouli oil is used as a fragrance in skin and personal care products, air fresheners, laundry detergents, and paper towels. It’s also used as incense and as a base note for perfumes. In aromatherapy,11 patchouli oil is said to help relieve anxiety, stress and depression. Its calming effect is very effective for relaxation and meditation. Simply add a few drops in a diffuser or vaporizer.
You can also mix it into your face cream, lotion or shampoo, or even add it to your bathwater. Here are other ways to use patchouli oil:
- Massage it on your skin to help prevent wrinkles and cellulites. Simply dilute it in a light carrier oil.
- Dab a small amount on your skin to soothe cuts, scrapes, burns and sores, as well as insect bites.
- Apply a few drops on your wrists or add it to your sheets to keep ants, bedbugs and other pests away.12
- Put two to three drops on a cotton ball and dab it on your underarms to prevent body odor.
- Mix a couple of drops into your shampoo or conditioner to treat dandruff and oily hair. Leave it on for a few minutes before rinsing.13
Composition of Patchouli Oil
The beneficial properties of patchouli oil come from its many constituents, such as alpha patchoulene, beta patchoulene, alpha bulnesene, alpha guaiene, caryophyllene, norpatchoulenol, seychellene and pogostol.14 It also contains patchouli alcohol (PA), an important compound that has neuroprotective, anti-influenza, and anti-inflammatory activities.15
Applications of Patchouli Oil
Patchouli oil’s health benefits are attributed to its antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic and cytophylactic properties. It also works as a deodorant, diuretic, insecticide and sedative. Patchouli oil can help address health conditions such as:
- Inflammation — Patchouli oil can help soothe inflammation and/or irritation. It also works for inflammation-related conditions, like gout and arthritis.16
- Fungal infection — It helps inhibit fungal growth and gives you protection against notorious infections, such as athlete’s foot.17
- Colds and flu — Patchouli oil can bolster your immune system to help you avoid colds, influenza and tonsillitis.
- Fever —It helps fight infections that cause fever and reduces your body temperature.18
- Sexual problems (men and women) — It stimulates the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone, and helps boost your sex drive. It is useful for impotence, loss of libido, erectile dysfunction and sexual anxiety.19
Patchouli oil is a tonic that helps promote your overall well-being by toning your stomach, liver and intestines to optimize metabolic function. It also helps regulate your endocrinal secretions of hormones and enzymes, and boosts your nervous and immune system health.20
How to Make Your Own Patchouli Oil Infusion
The leaves of the patchouli plant are handpicked, bundled and partially dried in the shade. They are then fermented for a few days, until the oil is extracted via steam distillation or CO2 extraction.21 However, you can make a basic patchouli oil infusion at home using dried patchouli leaves.
Here’s a step-by-step process from Buzzle.com:22
- Dried patchouli leaves
- Jojoba, olive or sweet almond oil
- Glass jar
- Clean bottle
1. Dry the patchouli leaves completely by putting them under the sun for a few hours.
2. Wash the glass jar thoroughly with warm soapy water, and then rinse it with fresh water at least two to three times. Let dry.
3. Put the patchouli leaves in the jar, filling it to the top. Pour the carrier oil of your choice. Jojoba oil works best for making a light moisturizing oil, while olive oil is ideal for making a massage oil. Sweet almond oil is good for body and scalp massage.
4. Screw the lid tightly and shake the jar a few times.
5. Pour water into your saucepan and bring to a boil. Then, take it off from the heat, and put the glass jar in the saucepan, leaving it there until the water cools down. Take out the jar and shake well again.
6. Store the jar in a cool, dry and dark place for a month, allowing the patchouli leaves to seep in the carrier oil. Shake the jar thoroughly every day to mix the leaves with the oil.
7. Filter the mixture using the cheesecloth and funnel, and transfer the oil in a clean jar.
How Does Patchouli Oil Work?
Patchouli oil can be inhaled, diffused in a vaporizer or applied directly to skin. Inhaling the scent of patchouli oil or absorbing it through the skin helps transmit messages to the limbic system, a brain region that’s involved in controlling emotions and influences the nervous system.23
However, I advise using this oil in moderation because copious amounts can lead to a strong and overwhelming fragrance. The scent can also seep into fabric and furniture.
Is Patchouli Oil Safe?
Patchouli oil is safe when applied topically or inhaled. It can be used by itself, but can also be blended with other essential oils before diluting in a carrier oil. Patchouli oil mixes well with frankincense, clary sage, cedar, geranium, lavender, ylang-ylang and rose oil.24 However, those with sensitive skin may have certain reactions to this herbal oil, so I recommend doing a patch test before using it. Keep it away from your eyes, ears and nose.
You can ingest this oil by mixing a drop or two with a teaspoon of honey. I advise seeking the help of a qualified physician, though, before taking this oil orally. If you have gastric problems or any other medical contraindication, avoid ingesting this essential oil. Some say that using patchouli oil during a pregnant woman’s second and third trimester is OK.25 For your safety, consult a health care professional before using this oil during the entire course of your pregnancy.
Side Effects of Patchouli Oil
Patchouli can cause overstimulation and may have strong sedative effects when used in large amounts. It can also cause photosensitivity26 and appetite loss. If you’re suffering from an eating disorder or recovering from sickness, I advise you to not use this herbal oil.27
- 1 Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, 2015
- 2 “The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils (Aromatic Chemicals),” Feb 2011
- 3 “The Healing Art of Essential Oils: A Guide to 50 Oils for Remedy, Ritual, and Everyday Use,” 2017
- 4 “Aromatherapy: Essential Oils for Vibrant Health and Beauty,” 2012
- 5 About.com
- 6 “Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants,” 2015
- 7 Live About, March 21, 2018
- 8 “95 Surprisingly Effective Natural Ways to Fight Acne,” 2011
- 9 HowStuffWorks.com
- 10 “The Healing Art of Essential Oils: A Guide to 50 Oils for Remedy, Ritual, and Everyday Use,” 2017
- 11, 24 Your-Aromatherapy-Guide.com
- 12 Acta Tropica September 2013
- 13 “Essential Oils for Your Health and Beauty, Part 2,” 2017
- 14 Before It’s News September 3, 2013
- 15 International Immunopharmacology June 2013
- 16, 18, 19, 20 Organic Facts
- 17 Natural Living Ideas, August 3, 2016
- 21 ImproveHomeLife.com
- 22 Buzzle.com November 30, 2010
- 23 About.com July 14, 2013
- 25 FitPregnancy.com, Essential Oils
- 26 Advanced Holistic Aromatherapy
- 27 “Medical Aromatherapy for Healthcare Professionals,” 2013
Recommended articles by Dr. Joseph Mercola:
- Cancer, DNA Damage, Cellphones and 5G — What You Need to Know
- Anxiety Overtakes Depression as No. 1 Mental Health Problem
- How LED Lighting May Compromise Your Health
- Magic Mushrooms May Hold Key to Long-Term Relief from Anxiety and Depression
- Medical Errors: Still the Third Leading Cause of Death
- Photobiology: How Therapeutic Use of Full-Spectrum Light Can Improve Your Health
- Scientific Links Between Processed Foods and Depression
- How Sugar Harms Your Brain Health and Drives Alzheimer’s Epidemic
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- Your Body Literally Glows With Light
About the author:
Born and raised in the inner city of Chicago, IL, Dr. Joseph Mercola is an osteopathic physician trained in both traditional and natural medicine. Board-certified in family medicine, Dr. Mercola served as the chairman of the family medicine department at St. Alexius Medical Center for five years, and in 2012 was granted fellowship status by the American College of Nutrition (ACN).
While in practice in the late 80s, Dr. Mercola realized the drugs he was prescribing to chronically ill patients were not working. By the early 90s, he began exploring the world of natural medicine, and soon changed the way he practiced medicine.
In 1997 Dr. Mercola founded Mercola.com, which is now routinely among the top 10 health sites on the internet. His passion is to transform the traditional medical paradigm in the United States. “The existing medical establishment is responsible for killing and permanently injuring millions of Americans… You want practical health solutions without the hype, and that’s what I offer.”